IN THE HEART OF THE LAGUNA DELLO STAGNONE
Along the Salt Route, between Trapani and Marsala,
within the Nature Reserve of the Stagnone,
between windmills, saltpans and stunning scenery
Mothia, on the famous "salt route" is the entrance to the Nature Reserve of the Stagnone Islands. The picturesque windmills form the backdrop to a landscape of basins, channels, heaps of salt.
The Nature Reserve of the Stagnone and the island of Mozia is a place of extraordinary beauty, where alongside the exceptional natural landscapes you can appreciate the typical windmills of Trapani coast, original examples of still fully functional industrial archeology. Saline della Laguna are located inside the Reserve.
In front of the saltpans, just after the small islands of the lagoon, there is the arichipelago of Egadi Islands: Favignana, Levanzo and Marettimo. To the north you can see the "peninsula" where is located the city of Trapani, whose original name, Drepanum, means scythe. To the south there is the city of Marsala extended around Boeo Cape.
Nearby dozens of tourist and cultural sites of great value: Marsala Punic Ship Museum, the museum of the Dancing Satyr in Mazara del Vallo, Erice and its medieval town center, the archaeological park of Segesta and the one of Selinunte, the reserve of Mount Cofano and the Zingaro, the stacks of Scopello, the beach of San Vito lo Capo ... and much more.
Trapani Airport is just 5km away.
The lagoon, the largest of Sicily, is a Nature Reserve since 1984. Its area includes the stretch of sea between Punta Alga and Capo S. Teodoro. Characterized by very salty shallows it includes four islands: the island Lunga, Santa Maria, San Pantaleo and Schola.
Among the most important floral species there are the Aleppo pine, dwarf palms, bamboo cane, maritime Calendula, which in Europe grows only here and in Spain, the Salicornia (with a fleshy stem), Sea Scilla with starry white flowers, the sea lily and rushes. The islands are inhabited by many species of birds including larks, finches, magpies, plovers and calenders.
The waters of the Lagoon, rich in fish, are populated by a rich fauna including sea anemones, sea flakes, murex, from which the Phoenicians used to extract a valuable purple used to dye fabrics. There are also about forty different species of fish including bass, bream , bream and sole. The bottom is instead characterized by the presence of oceanic posidonia, marine plant formed by a tuft of long green leaves with flowers in the center gathered in spikes.
Lunga Island (or Grande Island) is the largest of the Lagoon. His formation has given origin to the lagoon. It was formed by two rocky islets, which joined together to form the Lunga Island, probably due to the enlargement of the deposits of salt very exploited by the Phoenicians. It houses one of the few existing populations of Sea Calendula. Schola is the smallest of the islands of the Lagoon. During the Roman period there was a school of rhetoric, from which it derives its name. Currently there are three buildings of the 30s and a cistern. Santa Maria is an island located on the north of the Lagoon, it has the shape of a lace. The name comes from the sanctuary of Santa Maria Valleverde. Mozia (now called S. Pantaleo) is the largest of the islands of the Lagoon from the landscape and archaeological point of view. Ancient Phoenician colony, it has a circular shape.
Points of interest
On the south entrance of the Lagoon it was built for the Royal Air Force a military seaplane of primary importance, especially during the Second World War. The airport facilities are perfectly visible in the coastal road that leads to the city of Marsala. Of particular importance are the large hangars made of reinforced concrete, designed by renowned architect Pier Luigi Nervi, and are therefore known as "Hangar Nervi". Guarding the sea in front of the airport there is a curious blockhouse built in the shallow waters of the lagoon, where stood a sentinel of Genio Pontieri for a constant surveillance of the area.
Saline della Laguna, with the Mill of Infersa, the Ettore e Infersa Saltpans and Lunga Island are well connected with the main towns of Western Sicily through provincial and national roads, as well as the A29 motorway. The airport of Trapani is only a few kilometers away and can be reached in about 5 minutes by car.
How to reach us (from/to the locations indicated, follow the road signs "SALINE E MULINI A VENTO – IMBARCADERO MOZIA"):
- By car from/to Trapani-Birgi airport
- By car from/to Palermo-Punta Raisi Airport
- By car from/to Trapani
- By car from/to Marsala
- From Trapani-Birgi: provincial coastal road to Marsala (S.P.21), (4 km), junction for Mothia
- From Palermo: A 29 towards Trapani / Birgi to Airport (Birgi) and coastal S.P.21 (4km) Marsala
- From Trapani: Coastal road S.P.21 (18km) to Marsala
- Marsala: Coastal road S.P.21 (7 km) to Trapani